1828. And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in to them. 3. "David ... put them in a house under guard ... so they were shut up till the day of their death" (2 Samuel 20:3). Since Judah seemed to engross the king, he advises the men of Israel to renounce the ten parts they claimed, and to have no part in David. Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:4-13 (Read 2 Samuel 20:4-13) Joab barbarously murdered Amasa. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. REFLECTIONS.—When men's spirits are exasperated in popular tumults, some crafty and ambitious head fails not to improve the circumstances for his own advancement. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-20.html. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. David treated his concubines in the same manner, after the outrage committed on them by Absalom. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-20.html. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". 2 Samuel 20:3 Scripture in the Bible. BibliographyPett, Peter. 1871-8. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? 2 Samuel 20:1-9.SHEBA MAKES A PARTY IN ISRAEL. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". Foolish quarrels have dangerous consequences. All that they had really lost was a place in the official harem, and an occasional night with David, and even that would not have been guaranteed, even if Absalom had not ‘defiled’ them. So they were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood. It was certainly not something which David felt like risking just because of a few concubines. They were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood — Being royal wives, it was not proper they should be married to any one else, and therefore David did not give them a bill of divorce, but shut them up close, that no man might have converse with them. Now Joab was dressed in battle armor; on it was a belt with a sword fastened in its sheath at his hips; and as he was going forward, it fell out. 2 Samuel Chapter: 20. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Which had been in his absence basely defiled, and was therefore by him newly dedicated. Sheba . BibliographyCoke, Thomas. 2. This Life of David has supplied a great lack." Widowhood, or celibacy, (Menochius) like nuns. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". lib. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-20.html. And the king took () the ten concubines whom he had left to care for the house and put them in a house under guard and provided for them, but did not go in to them. Heb. 2 Samuel 20:3 Context. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-20.html. 1. And indeed it would not have been prudent to have let them be so much as seen abroad, as that would have renewed the remembrance of Absalom’s crime. 15.; Menochius) and no other person could marry them, while he was still their husband. Sheba makes a party in Israel. And David came to his house at Jerusalem,.... His palace there, which was in that part of the city called the fort of Zion, and city of David: and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house; when he fled from Jerusalem because of Absalom, 2 Samuel 15:16. and put them in ward; partly as a punishment for easily yielding to the lust of Absalom, and partly that they might not be seen, which would bring to remembrance his sin: and fed them; he did not put them to death, nor put them away, but kept them thus confined, and made a proper provision for them, not suffering them to marry any other, and be maintained by them: but went not in unto them: into their apartments to lie with them, having been defiled by his son, 2 Samuel 16:22. so they were shut up unto the day of their death; kept in the ward till they died: living in widowhood; neither used by the king as his concubines, as they had been before, nor suffered to many any other; or "in the widowhood of life"F15אלמנות חיות "in viduitate vitae", Pagninus, Montanus. The king took the ten women his concubines, &c.— As soon as David arrived at Jerusalem, one of his first cares was to remove those concubines, or secondary wives, whom Absalom had so scandalously abused. They were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood —. Oh yes, the text says that the king "provided for them," but it was still the provision that any jailor gives his prisoners. ‘So they were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood.’. After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". It was recognised that anyone who married one of these concubine widows would be able, should they so wish, to claim direct connection with the throne. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". 2-samuel 20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-20.html. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood. Jewish writers say that the widowed queens of Hebrew monarchs were not allowed to marry again, but were obliged to pass the rest of their lives in strict seclusion. They built a siege ramp up to the city, and it stood against the outer fortifications. 1905. 1865-1868. . 1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. He ordered them, therefore, to be separated from the palace, and maintained in a proper place of seclusion and retirement, where they ended their lives as widows. His Pride 10 To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" Thus for David to have had further relations with them would probably have been thought of as having sex within the forbidden degrees (something which, of course, Absalom had done - Leviticus 20:11), even though strictly speaking a father lying with his son’s wife was not included in the list. This event is included here because it was David’s final act of removing all trace of Absalom’s rebellion from Jerusalem, for these concubines had unwittingly become an important symbol of Absalom’s rule. Amass, whom he entrusts to raise an army against Sheba, is too slow in his motions, which puts him into a fright, 2 Samuel 20:4-6. 2 Samuel 20:3. Then David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines whom he had left to keep the house, and placed them under guard and provided them with sustenance, but did not go in to them. 2 Samuel 20:3 Context. BibliographyGill, John. Go to. It was in fact a tricky problem because technically the concubines were now Absalom’s former wives. i. , which is so expressed, to distinguish it from widowhood made by death; this was such sort of widowhood as obtained while their husband was living; so the Targum,"widows of their husband alive,', Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. 2 So all the men of Israel withdrew from David and followed Sheba the son of Bichri. We are apt to be swinging to extremes; and those who seemed the most zealous friends sometimes turn the bitterest enemies. But the men of Judah, from the Jordan as far as Jerusalem, remained loyal to their king.. 3 Now David came to his house at Jerusalem. This was why, although they were well treated and looked after, they had to be kept under careful guard. 2 Samuel 3 – Abner’s Defection and Murder A. Abner defects from Ishbosheth. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". The reader who wants to understand Hannah’s story must understand not only the intricacies of her story, but the context in which her story appears as well. Centrally he provided them with ample sustenance. Before he reaches Jerusalem a new rebellion is raised by Sheba, 2 Samuel 20:1,2. They were not divorced, for they were guiltless; but they were no longer publicly recognized as his wives; nor was their confinement to a sequestered life a very heavy doom, in a region where women have never been accustomed to go much abroad. 10.) 1801-1803. John Trapp Complete Commentary. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". --- The like custom formerly prevailed in Spain. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, On His Arrival In Jerusalem From Gilgal David Deals With The Problem Of The Concubine Wives With Whom Absalom Had Sexual Relations (, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. DAVID PUTS HIS TEN CONCUBINES IN JAIL FOR LIFE, "And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten concubines whom he had left to care for the house, and put them in a house under guard, and provided for them, but did not go in to them. Due to what his son had done he could no longer see them as available to him because they had become his son’s wives, and therefore untouchable by him. . 1999. the king took the ten women his concubines — Jewish writers say that the widowed queens of Hebrew monarchs were not allowed to marry again but were obliged to pass the rest of their lives in strict seclusion. Not the least of David's sins was his polygamous marriages, which were not only wrong in his case but provided the royal example for the wholesale debauchery of his son Solomon. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-20.html. 2 Samuel 20 - And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name [was] Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". Note; (1.) Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing 2 Samuel 20:3: 2 Samuel 12:9-14 2 Samuel 20:2 : 2 Samuel 20:4 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. The more plot there is in a sin, the worse it is. “He could not well divorce them; he could not punish them, as they were not in the transgression; he could no more be familiar with them, because they had been defiled by his son; and to have married them to other men might have been dangerous to the state.” — Clarke. 2 Samuel 6:20. However, in view of their status they had also to be closely watched and guarded. He committed them to perpetual, yet liberal imprisonment: because they had not rather died, as they ought to have done, than yielded to Absalom’s lust, in so public a manner especially. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-samuel-20.html. Sheba … a Benjamite — Though nothing is known of this man, he must have been a person of considerable power and influence, before he could have raised so sudden and extensive a sedition. Marrying someone who had been so closely connected with both the king, and then the rival king, could have given people ideas, and that could not be allowed (compare 1 Kings 2:22). 2 Samuel 20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women [his] concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. 1983-1999. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. So they were shut up until the day of their death, living as widows. And David came to his house at Jerusalem. They were kept in confinement till the day of their death, living as widows." 2 Samuel 12:9-14. Pellican here observeth that David was to blame for not punishing such others, now in his power, as were either causers or consenters to that disgrace; such as was Amasa, a chief man, then about Absalom. And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. what evils have sprung out of the corrupt lusts of our poor, fallen nature! So they were shut up until the day of their death, living as widows. 2 Samuel 20:1-9. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". 2 Samuel 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". a So they were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood (2 Samuel 20:3 c). (23-26) Book Note Matthew Henry Commentary (Consise) ** This book is the history of the reign of king David. Put them in ward; partly, because they had not vigorously opposed Absalom’s lustful desire, as they should have done, even with the hazard of their lives; and partly, lest the sight of them should renew the memory of Absalom’s filthiness, and of their own and David’s reproach, which it was fit to bury in-perpetual oblivion; and partly, because it might appear incestuous to have to do with those who had been defiled by his own son; and partly, because as David would not, so it was not now convenient that any other man should have any conjugal conversation with them. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. This writer finds no way to justify this tragic treatment of ten faithful concubines who had committed no crime, who were guilty of no unfaithfulness, and who presumably had taken good care of things during David's absence. Ver. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "David ... put them in a house under guard ... so they were shut up till the day of their death", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, so they were shut up unto the day of their death, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, the king took the ten women his concubines. They were, however, also dynamite, for as the former king’s widows they could not be available for remarriage. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood." 14 Sheba passed through all the tribes of Israel to Abel Beth Maakah and through the entire region of the Bikrites, # 20:14 See Septuagint and Vulgate; Hebrew Berites. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Then David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines whom he had left to keep the house, and placed them under guard and provided them with sustenance, but did not go in to them. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. BibliographyTrapp, John. Their response to Sheba's rebellion shows that their desire to honor David had nothing to do with honoring him, but in exalting self. 2 Samuel 20:3 - Then David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines whom he had left to keep the house, and placed them under guard and provided them with sustenance, but did not go in to them. 691.) "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". A. Put them in ward — Shut them up in a place of security, where no one could come at them. When David arrived back in his palace in Jerusalem, which he had left in the care of ten of his concubines, he put the ten in safe and sheltered accommodation. 2 Samuel 20:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Samuel 20:3, NIV: "When David returned to his palace in Jerusalem, he took the ten concubines he had left to take care of the palace and put them in a house under guard.He provided for them but had no sexual relations with them. (4-13) Sheba takes refuge in Abel. (14-22) David's officers. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/2-samuel-20.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-20.html. 1871-8. Not that in ‘a’ David ‘put them in ward’, and in the parallel he shut them up to the day of their deaths. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. And put them in ward.] "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:3". ‘And David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward.’. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-20.html. And yet we must remember that they would have had every luxury, would been provided with amusements, and would probably have had as much freedom as most highbred women of the day. So great was the respect for the king or the apprehension, lest those who married their widows, should aspire to the throne. But Amasa did not notice the sword that was in Joab’s hand. (Calmet). (Council of Toledo, xiii. 1. on StudyLight.org 1859. 2 Samuel 15:13-37 & Psalm 3 • Dealing with Betrayal 2 Samuel 24 • David’s Census. (Selden, Uxor. 2 SAMUEL COMMENTARY W G BLAIKIE. We must not necessarily feel that they had been hard done by. {Psalms 30:1, title}. But the men of Judah followed their king steadfastly from the Jordan to Jerusalem. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. Bible History Online Images and Resources for Biblical History. English Revised Version (ERV) And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and provided them with sustenance, but went not in unto them. Joab contentedly sacrificed the interest both of the king and the kingdom to his personal revenge. in widowhood while their husband was still alive. ◄2 Samuel 20:3 ► And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in to them. ‘And he provided them with sustenance, but did not go into them.’. He sounded the trumpet and shouted, Then Joab said to Amasa, “Are you in health, my brother?” And Joab took Amasa by the beard with his right hand to kiss him. and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house; when he fled from Jerusalem because of Absalom, 2 Samuel 15:16. and put them in ward; partly as a punishment for easily yielding to the lust of Absalom, and partly that they might not be seen, which would bring to remembrance his sin: and fed them; he did not put them to death, nor put them away, but kept them thus confined, and made a proper provision for them, not suffering them to marry any other, and be maintained by them: but went not in unto them: into their apartments to lie with them, having been defiled by his son, 2 Samuel 16:22. so they were shut up unto the day of their death; kept in the ward till they died: living in widowhood; neither used by the king as his concubines, as they had been before, nor suffered to many any other; or "in the widowhood of life" (o), which is so expressed, to distinguish it from widowhood made by death; this was such sort of widowhood as obtained while their husband was living; so the Targum,"widows of their husband alive,''. 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